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Volvo Trucks heads down hydrogen path

Volvo Trucks has signed a new partnership that will see it begin producing hydrogen combustion engine trucks

Volvo Trucks has announced it is globally manufacturing hydrogen combustion engine trucks as it diversifies its zero-emissions portfolio.

The global manufacturer says on-road tests with the hydrogen combustion engine trucks will begin in 2026, with Volvo planning to commercially launch the vehicle by the end of the decade.

The move comes due to the ability that trucks running on green hydrogen have to decarbonise transport, with Volvo also citing the suitability of the technology over longer distances as a key advantage.

To develop the technology, Volvo has signed an agreement with Westport Fuel Systems to use the technology from now onwards.

Already, testing is underway in labs and vehicles to allow the hydrogen trucks to complement Volvo’s full range of vehicles.

“Trucks where the traditional internal combustion engine remains but runs on hydrogen will have the same performance and reliability as our diesel trucks, but with the added benefit of potentially net zero CO2 emissions well-to-wheel,” Volvo Trucks head of product management and quality Jan Hjelmgren says.

“They will be a valuable complement to our battery electric trucks, which have been on the market for several years.”

The Volvo trucks with combustion engines powered by green hydrogen have been categorised as a zero-emissions vehicles under the newly agreed to EU CO2 emissions standards.

“It’s clear that several kinds of technology are needed to decarbonise heavy transport,” Hjelmgren says.

“As a global truck manufacturer, we need to support our customers by offering a variety of decarbonisation solutions, and customers can choose their alternative based on transport assignment, available infrastructure and green energy prices.”

The model will feature high pressure direct injection technology, where a small amount of ignition fuel will be injected with high pressure to enable compression ignition before hydrogen is added.

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